el nino effect on south africa 2015





South Africa ZA.This circulation gets disrupted every few years by El Nio or enhanced by La Nia, the opposite effect. This periodic, naturally occurring phenomenon is called the El-Nio Southern Oscillation (ENSO). These regions include Middle East and North Africa,Southeast Asia (ASEAN countries), the Horn of Africa, South Africa and South America.Update on 2015 El Nio event. Michelle LHeureux National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Tuesday November 17, 2015. South Africas weather service and global forecasters have predicted that El Nino will form again in the southern hemisphere winter or spring, which falls between July and September. northern South America, while above average rainfall occurs in southeastern South America, eastern equatorial Africa, and the southern United States.[80].See also: Effects of the El NioSouthern Oscillation in the United States. SOUTHERN AFRICA. Regional Climate Outlook Summary (2015).South Africa, for example, experienced a 24 drop in maize production between 1997 and 1998. In 1992, El Nio caused the regions worst drought in a century, affecting around 86 million people, 72 of the population. In 1997 to 1998 the Southern African nation experienced a similar El Nino episode.Malawi and South Africa have also not been spared from the drought. The region is particularly prone following a ruinous 2015: more than 1.8 million people were affected by mass floods in January and March, with UNICEF has reported that although the 2015-2016 El Nio has ended, its devastatingChildren in the worst EL Nino affected areas are going hungry. In Eastern and Southern Africa, some 26.5 millionIn South America, and particularly Brazil, El Nio has created favourable breeding conditions for the A potentially record-breaking El Nio brewing in the tropical Pacific Ocean will soon hit the eastern shores of sub-Saharan Africa. But African leaders said they arent sure how to prepare.

The weather phenomenon has increased in variability in recent years A Strong El Nio Developing. Weather. Wednesday 22 July 2015 - 3:06pm. Contributors: Luis Fernandes.Both of the ENSO phases have been documented to have an effect on the eastern, summer rainfall parts of South Africa, with some correlation between El Nio and drier than normal Figure 2: Effects of El Nio in South-East Asia. Adapted from AccuWeather.com, Asia Fall Forecast 2015: El Nio to Boost West Pacific Typhoons, Intensify DroughtHowever, there are concerns about the effects on poor consumers in West Africa. West African countries imported 7.73 million tonnes Does anyone know if 2014 turns out to be an El Nino year, could it effect the 2015 south pacific cruising season?Crew Available: South Africa to South America depart early 2015. The current impacts of El Nio - a warming of sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific - include drought in Central America, southern Africa, Indonesia and the Philippines, and wetter conditions in the southern Horn of Africa, south Brazil, Peru and Ecuador. 11 / El Nio. Southern Africa.

The effects of El Nio are becoming increasingly acute throughout Southern Africa, with October/November 2015 seasonal rains having arrived 10 to 50 days late, a 60 to 80 percent precipitation deficit and aboveaverage temperatures. March 2015 El Nino Declared Furthermore, although its official start was in March 2015Approximate ranks of maize yield El Nino vulnerability South Africa Zimbabwe Mozambique ZambiaWFP News Video: El Nino Devastates Zimbabwes Harvest, WFP Using Satellites to Mitigate Effects of Drought The current drought in southern Africa is as a result of a powerful El Nio event. Better planning and forecasting could help mitigate the effects.BOM: Were calling it, the 2015 El Nio is here. The large 1982 El Nio contributed to the Ash Wednesday bushfires that killed 75 people in south east Australia. A potentially record-breaking El Nio brewing in the tropical Pacific Ocean will soon hit southern Africa with Zimbabwe included. But a majority of communities are not sure how to prepare.For women and children the effects of El Nino will be overwhelming. El Nio 2015-2016 is currently affecting the health of millions of vulnerable people in the Horn of Africa, southern and eastern Africa, South Pacific El Nio-induced drought in the Pacific Islands is projected to extend in the first quarter of 2016, with continuing effects on food availability and water Central and South America, Southeast Asia and Australia are projected to see drier than normal conditions from October to March.There are a couple major effects of El Nio on East Africa.The 2015 El Nio has been observed to be the strongest in decades, even being termed the East Africa is largely dependent on rain-fed agriculture making rural livelihoods and food security highly vulnerable to effects of El Nino.El Nino Impact on South Africa. Source: UNOCHA, Regional Climate Outlook Summary ( 2015).issues in recent years, farmers will have an even harder time this year, with many still attempting to recover from the effect of the El Nino in 2015. The worst affected countries in the southern Africa region in 2016 will be Zimbabwe, Angola, South Africa, Botswana, Swaziland, Zambia, Mozambique 2015. A potentially record-breaking El Nio brewing in the tropical Pacific Ocean will soon hit southern Africa with Zimbabwe included.According to a 2014 Inter-American Development Bank Study on the effects of El Nino on children it showed that children exposed to severe floods or drought in utero Severe drought, flooding, heavy rains and temperature rises are all known effects of El Nio—a warming of the central to eastern tropical Pacific Ocean.South Africa will import half its average maize crop after 2015 was declared the driest year in more than a century.issues in recent years, farmers will have an even harder time this year, with many still attempting to recover from the effect of the El Nino in 2015. The worst affected countries in the southern Africa region in 2016 will be Zimbabwe, Angola, South Africa, Botswana, Swaziland, Zambia, Mozambique South Africas agriculture minister Senzeni Zokwana has warned of "regional disaster" if the drought persists. Governments say they are prepared.Researchers are putting it down to combined effects of "climate change and an El Nino event." (17.11.2015). The effects of the current El Nio are starting to be observed in various countries.Heightened Health Risks Associated with El Nio Conditions 2015-2016.Asia-Pacific: Reduced rainfall expected across South-East Asia and the southwest Pacific (from southern Papua New Guinea southeast to Effects of El nino on small holder farmers and rural communities in Gutu, Masvingo Province southern part of Zimbabwe, Sub Saharan Africa, February 2016. Therefore, this study was aimed at investigating the effects of the 2015/2016 El Nio event on Zimbabwe rainfall.The White Paper on Environmental Management Policy for South Africa, 1997 the White Paper on Integrated Pollution and Waste Management, 2000 the National Climate Change For Southern Africa, El Nio usually means less rain, and this will likely impact the same countries that are already struggling through a season of drought, including Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.affected by heatwaves, water shortages and forest fires since El Nio conditions started in mid- 2015, says Ocha in aWarning Systems Network said: El Nio will have a devastating effect on southern Africas harvests and food security in 2016.South Africa is 6m tonnes short of food this year. Its effects could also be "particularly harsh" in Somalia, amid fears of flooding, it warned.In southern Africa, Zimbabwe, Malawi and South Africa have been hit by a drought.10 November 2015. El Nino impacts Ethiopia. Climate experts are continuously monitoring the developments of the 201516 El Nio, which is one of the most severe events in the past 50 years and, notably, theSouth Africa experiences hot and dry summers during an El Nio episode, with adverse effects on its agriculture and real GDP growth. The largest extent of SPI-3-based droughts in southern Africa was recorded in December 2015. At this stage, especially Zambia, Zimbabwe, South[78] mention the weak effect of ENSO on precipitation anomalies over southern Africa during the 2009/2010 El Nio that was identified as a Modoki event. - Sudan 4.6 million people are acutely food insecure, primarily due to the effects of El Nio, and is likely to increase due to below-average agricultural production in 2015w Food prices have risen sharply, mostly due to poor production and high prices in South Africa. Lesotho El Nio response. The 2015/16 El Nino major impacts. In the global outlook, 2015 was the hottest year on record by a wide margin.Below average rainfall was reported in a number of countries, including Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Southern Africa: As if facing a second El Nio. Context: Depressed stocks, heightened food insecurity. Previous Season: Q1 2015.Expectations: Historical El Nio Rainfall Patterns. South America: A typical El Nio season. Long term data shows varied El Nio impacts. Southern Africa, including Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and the southern half of Mozambique, tends toSubmitted by Alan on Sun, 2015-11-15 22:17. Emily, The news media in Florida has reported that an effect of El Nino in 2016 will be worse than average June 22, 2015. EL-Nino and Monsoons: Impact on India and the World Thematic Report.South Africa. Switzerland. Source: IMF (Working Paper on the Macroeconomic Effects of El-Nino). During the last rainy season (October 2015 to March 2016), Southern Africa experienced an El Nio-induced drought that crippled rain-fed agriculturalThe International Monetary Fund recently cut its 2016 growth forecast for South Africa, the regions economic ballast, to just 0.1 per cent. The effects of El Nio can be helpful or harmful, and sometimes even both in the same place.Throughout the 2015-2016 El Nio season, maize production severely declined. Maize is not only aSouth Africas harvest was especially impacted by severe drought exacerbated by El Nio. An El Nino, a warming of sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific, typically leads to scorching weather across Asia and East Africa, but heavy rains and floods in South America.Salt pans and dams are scattered across drought effected farmland in South Australia, November 12, 2015. Source: FAO, 2015. The strongest effects on precipitation are generally felt in South-East Asia and the Western Pacific Ocean, especially in the dryFigure 6: Potential2015/2016 El Nio impact on different sectors. Source: Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia, 2015. How does ENSO affect South Africa?Although the southern part of Africa generally receives below-normal rainfall during El Nino years and La Nina usually brings normal or above-normal rainfall, it cannot be accepted as a rule. Wfp 2015-2016 el nio response operations: Total planned beneficiaries. Net funding requirement.Photo: WFP/Michael Tewelde. EAST AFRICA. Even though, the El Nio event has started to decline in strength, the ongoing effects of harvest losses will intensify El Nio Information - California Department of Fish and - A strong El Nio is often associated with flooding rains and warm weather in Peru, drought in Indonesia, Africa, and Australia, torrential downpours and mudslides in .El Nino Effects On the Land. El Nino and La Nina. The 2015-16 El Nio has started to decline in strength, but this does not mean that its impacts will diminish.However, the strength of an El Nio event. does not necessarily closely cor-respond to its effects onFor the most updated information, please visit: www.unocha.org/el-nino- south-ern-africa. Many countries in Southern Africa were affected by drought in the 2014- 2015 season such as South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Southern Angola (ref.In such a context a likely main season failure due to the current El Nio is a major threat to food security, due to cumulated effect on livelihood and El Nio could have dramatic consequences for southern Africa. Food shortage, famine, unrest, economic hardship and further decrease of the gross national product. Hopefully the region will not be hit as hard as it was in the 1997-98 El Nio effect. South Africas rainfall last year was the lowest since records began in 1904 as the El Nino weather pattern caused dry conditions across the region. Precipitation was 403 millimeters (15.9 inches) in 2015, 34 percent below the 112-year average of 608 millimeters, the It said South Africa, where drought emergencies have been declared in most provinces, has already issued a preliminary forecast of maize production for the coming harvest of 7.4 million tonnes, down 25 percent from the already poorEl Nino will be substantial warn Australian scientists. May 12, 2015. As well as the direct impact of rising grain prices, both Namibia and Botswana have felt the eects of El Nio related feed shortages in livestock production.

Official measures of unemployment indicate that sector employed about 700 000 people in South Africa as at September 2015.



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